- The soybean, also known as the soya bean, is a legume native to East Asia.
- According to ancient Chinese legend, the wild soybean's nutritious properties were first discovered by a band of traeling merchants about 5,000 years ago.
- Soybeans were first cultivated in northern China and from there spread to Japan, Korea and the rest of SE Asia.
- Soybeans were first brought to North America in the early 19th Century.
- During the Civil War,
soybeans were used in place of coffee because real coffee was
- One acre of soybeans
can produce 82,368 crayons.
- US farmers first grew
soybeans as cattle feed.
- Henry Ford experimented
with soy-based plastics in the production of his cars. In 1940
he swung an axe at a car trunk to demonstrate the durability
of soy plastics.
- George Washington Carver developed more than 300 uses for soybean, including edible oil and meal, with his research at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Because it is a legume, it was useful to restore nutrients to the depleted soils of the South. Legumes fix nitrogen in the soil.
- U.S. Soybeans represented 56 percent of world oilseed production in 2000. 72,408,000 soybean acres harvested in 2000, compared to 448,000 acres harvested in 1924.
- Some of the better known soybean products include soy meal, soy flour, soy milk, tofu, meat substitutes, tempeh, soy sauce, infant formula, biodiesel fuel and animal feed.
- Researchers are currently researching the use of soy oil
to make rubber for various interior and exterior parts, including
door seals, cupholders, and floor mats.
- Soy ink is used in
over 95 percent of America’s daily newspapers that
circulate more than fifteen hundred copies per run.
- Soybeans are typically among Oklahoma's top 10 agricultural
commodities in value.
to Oklahoma Ag in the Classroom
Oklahoma Ag in the Classroom is a program of the Oklahoma Cooperative
Extension Service, 4-H Youth Development, the Oklahoma Department of
Agriculture, Food and Forestry and the Oklahoma State Department of