October is National Pizza Month
Before the tomato was introduced to Italy from the New World, pizza was just another Mediterranean flatbread, like pita. By the late 18th century poor people in the the area around Naples were adding tomato to their yeast-based flat bread, and so the pizza was born.
Pizza came to the US with Italian immigrants in the 19th Century, but soldiers returning from World War II were responsible for making it popular. They had learned to love it while they were stationed in Italy and sought it out in Italian neighborhoods after they returned.
In Italy there are laws defining pizza, which set allowances on the type of flour, tomato, mozarella, olive oil, basil and oregano. Pizza as it was made originally can be nutritious and filling. Today it is sometimes considered junk food because of its high fat and sodium content. It can be healthy, though, when you make it yourself and choose healthy ingredients.
OAITC lessons online:
Activity: MyPlate Pizza
A metaphor is a figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that have something in common. A metaphor expresses something unfamiliar by using something that is familiar.
The new USDA guidelines use a plate as a metaphor to describe the kinds of food we need to eat to be healthy. The plate is divided according to the proportions of each kind of food we should eat to be healthy. Each portion represents one of the food groups. The size of the portion represents how much of that kind of food should be eaten, compared with the other kinds of foods.
Try using a pizza as a metaphor for the different food groups: Take a look at the USDA MyPlate Guidelines and see how the food groups are divided. Draw a picture of a pizza with slices that are divided in proportions that are similar to those in the MyPlate guidelines. Write a paragraph using your new metaphor to explain your food guide pizza.
Directions for making a Giant Cloth Pizza
Books About Pizza
Oklahoma Ag in the Classroom is a program of the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry and the Oklahoma State Department of Education.